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Psammechinus miliaris, Green Sea Urchin
Dr. Alexander Ziegler - Freie Universitaet Berlin
Mr. Louis Zachos, The University of Texas at Austin
Psammechinus miliaris
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Zoologisches Museum Berlin (ZMB 2011)

Image processing: Mr. Louis Zachos
Publication Date: 20 Oct 2008


Psammechinus miliaris, the green sea urchin, is a “regular” sea urchin with a slightly flattened test and green overall color. The spines are robust, short, and closely packed. The tips of its bigger spines are violet in color. Green sea urchins can grow up to 60 mm in diameter, but typically grow up to 40 mm.

Psammechinus miliaris

Psammechinus miliaris occurs in the North-Eastern Atlantic Ocean, North Sea, and Western Baltic Sea, mainly in shallow waters but as deep as 100 m. It is absent from the Mediterranean. Individuals are found intertidally on rocky shores under stones, boulders and seaweeds, and also subtidally in seagrass beds or on mixed coarse bottoms such as muddy sand and gravel.

About the Species

This specimen was collected in 1872 near Arendal, Norway, Eastern North Sea during the second expedition of the S.M. Avisodampfer (steamship) “Pommerania." This ship, captained by Korvettenkapitän Hoffmann, was used for botanical, zoological, fisheries, and physical marine research on two expeditions in 1871 and 1872 to the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. The specimen is part of the marine invertebrates wet collection of the ZMB.

The specimen was scanned for Dr. Alexander Ziegler of Freie Universitaet Berlin.

About this Specimen

This specimen was scanned in May 2007 by Mr. Heiko Temming at the Max-Planck-Institut für evolutionäre Anthropologie using a SkyScan 1172. The isotropic voxels measure 0.01739 mm.

About the


Gordon, I. 1926. The development of the calcareous test of Echinus miliaris. Royal Society of London Philosophical Transactions, ser. B 214:259-312.

Mortensen, T. 1928-1951. A Monograph of the Echinoidea. Copenhagen, C.A. Reitzel.

Schultz, H. 2006. Sea Urchins, a Guide to Worldwide Shallow Water Species. Augsburg, Scientific Publications, 484 p.


Psammechinus miliaris page on MarLIN

Psammechinus page on The Echinoid Directory (Natural History Museum, London)

& Links

Front page image.


To cite this page: Dr. Alexander Ziegler, Mr. Louis Zachos, The University of Texas at Austin, 2008, "Psammechinus miliaris" (On-line), Digital Morphology. Accessed July 12, 2024 at http://digimorph.org/specimens/Psammechinus_miliaris/.

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